Before fuel is introduced to any variation of an internal combustion engine, it must be vaporized to successfully combine with oxygen molecules. However, though it is essential for fuel to be vaporized before it can join with willing oxygen molecules, an induction system must take into account power settings, air to fuel mixture ratios, and more, to maintain aircraft performance. Relying on two types of fuel induction systems, aircraft either utilize carburetors or fuel injector systems to deliver fuel to an engine. Taking into consideration an aircraft's reciprocating engine when installing a fuel induction system, we will go into detail how fuel injectors and carburetors function, and how they can best be applied for your vehicle needs.


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The tailplane is a crucial, yet overlooked, section of aircraft design that is found on countless fixed-wing airplanes. Also referred to as the horizontal stabilizer, the aircraft tailplane commonly features two horizontal extensions that protrude out of the back end of the aviation fuselage on both sides. True to their name, horizontal stabilizers or tailplanes serve to stabilize aircraft during flight. To better understand how such structures provide balance for the benefit of flight operations, we will discuss their design and functionality.


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The hydraulic system may be considered one of the most important aspects of a given aircraft, serving to provide pilots the power needed to manage the various flight surfaces and controls of the vehicle. From the adjustment of flight surfaces that affect aerodynamics to the operation of the brakes of an aircraft, there are many sections of the vehicle that require the use of hydraulics to optimally function. To best understand the importance of the aircraft hydraulic system, one should first familiarize themselves with the functionality of the hydraulics and how they are employed for aviation.


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Harnessing the properties of aerodynamics to produce lift, heavier-than-air aircraft utilize specialized parts and designs to achieve such a feat. Composed of the cockpit, fuselage, wings, powerplant, tail, and landing gear, these components work together to help an aircraft take flight, land, and counteract the force of gravity. Generally categorized based on their wing configuration, aircraft and the parts that make up their body come in a diverse range of manufacturer shapes and models. Without any one of these items, flight would be rendered hazardous and unachievable, leaving the vehicle grounded. Below, to better understand the basics of flight, we will highlight the five major segments that make up an aircraft and how they function.


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Landing gear is paramount to any aircraft, allowing them to safely touchdown on a runway or surface for the means of finishing a flight operation. As landing gear can serve as a source of drag as equipment disrupts airflow, it can be very beneficial to minimize its effects for the most advantageous aerodynamic properties. With a retractable landing gear system, the landing gear of an aircraft may be deployed and retracted as needed to increase climb performance and cruise airspeeds. In this blog, we will discuss the retractable landing gear system and its benefits to flight operations.


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When breaking into a market dominated by a limited number of companies that make proven products, innovation is necessary. However, in a rigid industry like commercial aviation, where safety is critical, being innovative can also be risky. This was the challenge faced by Pratt & Whitney (P&W) as they attempted to gain a foothold in the 120-180 passenger aircraft engine market. To do this, P&W engineered the PW8000 geared turbofan, the first turbofan engine to use gears for enhanced performance. Adding a gearbox to the conventional turbofan allows engine components to spin at more efficient speeds. In this blog, we will discuss how the addition of gears affects turbofan engines.


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The aircraft turbine engine is a robust apparatus, capable of providing enough propulsive force to permit heavier-than-air flight. With the amount of heat produced from the combustion chamber and a great number of moving objects present in the turbine engine, lubrication is crucial for the health and integrity of assemblies. With the use of the oil tank, pumps, valves, and other various components, the engine assembly can be protected from heat and friction through lubrication. To best understand how turbine engine lubrication systems function, one should first familiarize themselves with the basic components that make them up.


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Helicopters are robust vehicles, expertly engineered to achieve sustained heavier-than-air flight with their blade assemblies while also withstanding the various forces exerted upon them during typical operations. To maintain safe and balanced flight under various stressors and upsetting forces, helicopters rely on a number of stabilizer systems. From structural components to tracking systems, various components and technologies are implemented on helicopters to improve their ability to maintain uniform flight paths.


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Professional electricians use a wide range of testers to monitor a variety of electrical functions in residential and commercial electrical systems. Identifying these testers, understanding how they work, and learning how to use them will help make an expert out of any DIY electrician. This blog will explain the eight most common electrical testers and their functions.


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While aircraft have continued to improve upon their electronic capabilities and implementation, a restricted amount of space and finite electrical generation capabilities requires consideration of electrical load limits and protection when adding new devices. As such, engineers and aircraft designers are often tasked with how to efficiently install, manage, and protect all of the electrical equipment and power supply system components that are needed for flight operations. In this blog, we will discuss how aircraft electrical equipment is typically installed, allowing you to have a better understanding of the considerations and steps undertaken.


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